A handout from the Online Information Series
Copyright (c) 2006, Jolene M. Morris, All Rights Reserved
Microsoft's PowerPoint™ is a powerful presentation tool with which you can create professional slide shows. The following tips are my favorites for students in my online classes. For even more tips about PowerPoint, visit Microsoft's Office Web site: http://www.microsoft.com/office/powerpoint or search the Web for +PowerPoint +tips. To read an interesting article about PowerPoint, check out the following Web site: http://www.teach-nology.com/tutorials/powerpoint/
The tips below are divided into four categories: Tips 1-7 are basic PowerPoint tips for beginners. Tips 8-14 are tips for more advanced PowerPoint users. Tips 15-25 are tips to work with graphics. Finally, four extra tips have been added for when you are presenting your slide show in person.
NOTE that PowerPoint slide shows can be very big in file size. Be sure to compress graphics before saving your final slide show!
1. Basic Rules & Configuration
Use the PowerPoint Light Bulb to guide slide-show mechanics; be sure no light bulbs are remaining on any slides. To set the "light bulb" to preferred settings, go into the Tools > Options > Spelling & Style tab. Be sure the checkbox for "Check Style" is marked then click the "Style Options" button. Set the configuration for the following:
- Case and End Punctuation tab:
- [X] Slide title style: Title Case
- [X] Body text style: Sentence Case
- [ ] Slide title punctuation (no mark in this checkbox)
- [X] Body punctuation: Paragraphs have consistent punctuation
- Visual Clarity tab:
- [X] Number of fonts should not exceed 3
- [X] Title text size should be at least 36
- [X] Body text size should be at least 20
- [X] Number of lines should not exceed 6
- [X] Number of lines per title should not exceed 2
- [X] Number of lines per bullet should not exceed 2
Then be sure your light bulb is turned on: In the Help menu, turn on the Office Assistant. As you are creating a slide, the light bulb may appear. If it does appear, you are breaking a rule for good slide show mechanics. Click on the light bulb to see the error. In many cases PowerPoint will fix the error for you if you allow it. When I score (grade) your PowerPoint slide show, I will deduct one mechanics point for each light bulb remaining in your show.
NOTE that PowerPoint slide shows can be very big in file size. Be sure to compress graphics before saving your final slide show!
2. The Mighty Shift Key
- Hold down the SHIFT key when drawing a line to get a perfectly straight line.
- Hold down the SHIFT key when drawing an oval to get a perfectly round circle.
- Hold down the SHIFT key when drawing a rectangle to get a square.
- Hold down the SHIFT key while clicking on the normal view icon to get the Master slide.
- Hold down the SHIFT key while clicking on the slide sorter view to get the handouts master.
- Hold down the SHIFT key while pressing Enter to get a blank line without a bullet.
- Hold down the SHIFT key to select multiple objects on a slide at the same time.
- Hold down the SHIFT key while resizing a graphic to retain the same proportions in the resized graphic.
- Hold down the SHIFT key while pressing F3 to change the case of letters.
3. The Mighty Control Key
Hold down the CTRL key while clicking the slide show view button when you are editing a slide show. This will open a preview window so you can see that slide in slide show mode.
Hold down the CTRL key while dragging an existing Guide to create a new guide.
Hold down the CTRL key while turning the wheel on the mouse to zoom in and out of the slide
Hold down the CTRL key plus the HOME key to go to the first slide
Hold down the CTRL key plus the END key to go to the last slide in your presentation
CTRL + A (on the Slides tab) to select all objects
CTRL + A (in slide sorter view) to select all slides
CTRL + A (on the Outline tab) to select all text in your slide show
CTRL + B to apply bold formatting
CTRL + C to copy the selected object
CTRL + D to duplicate (make a copy of) the selected slide
CTRL + E to center a paragraph
CTRL + F to find text
CTRL + G to open the grids and guidelines dialog box
CTRL + H to replace text
CTRL + I to apply italic formatting
CTRL + J to justify a paragraph (full alignment)
CTRL + K to insert a hyperlink
CTRL + L to left align a paragraph
CTRL + M to insert a new slide
CTRL + N to create a new presentation
CTRL + O to open an existing presentation
CTRL + P to print a presentation
CTRL + Q to quit PowerPoint
CTRL + R to right align a paragraph
CTRL + S to save a presentation
CTRL + T to change the formatting of characters between sentence, lowercase, and uppercase
CTRL + U to apply underline formatting
CTRL + V to paste a cut or copied object
CTRL + W to close a presentation
CTRL + X to cut a selected objected
CTRL + Y to redo or repeat an action
CTRL + Z to undo the last action
CTRL + Equal Sign to apply subscript formatting
CTRL + SHIFT + Plus Sign to apply superscript formatting
CTRL + Space Bar to remove subscript and superscript
4. Function Keys
Function Key Pressed Alone with SHIFT with CTRL with ALT F1 Displays the Office Assistant or the Help Window What's This? or Context-sensitive help F2 Select a text box if the text inside is selected Save As F3 Change the case of letters F4 Repeat the last action -or- Open the Look In list (if in help) Repeat the last find action Close the active Window Close the active application F5 Start the slide show from the beginning slide (or in file view, refresh the file list) Restore the active window Restore the application window F6 Move clockwise among panes of normal view Move counter clockwise among panes When more than one window is open, switch to the next window F7 Check spelling If window is not maximized, allows you to move the window Find the next misspelling F8 If window is not maximized, allows you to size the window Macros F9 Toggles the grid on and off Minimize the active window Toggles the guides on and off F10 Activate the menu bar Open the shortcut menu (same as right-clicking the mouse) Maximize the active window Maximize the application window F11 Visual Basic Editor F12 Save As Save Open
5. Inserting Special Symbols
- To insert the copyright © symbol, enter (c)
- To insert the Trademark ™ symbol enter (tm)
- To insert the registered ® symbol enter (r)
- You can make your own special symbol shortcuts in Tools > AutoCorrect (copy from character map and paste into replace with...)
6. Avoid Beginner's Mistakes
- Use a traditional color scheme that has been proven to be easy on the eyes. Remember that the information in your slide show is more important than the colors. Information, not flashy colors, should attract your viewers' attention.
- Limit the use of animations. Excessive animations will distract your viewers' from the information in your slide show. If you choose to use animations, use the same types of animations on all slides--a professional slide show is not the time to see how many different animations you can use.
- Limit the transitions between slides. If you choose to use a transition, use the same transition between all slides. A professional slide show is not the time to see if you can use a different transition between every slide.
- Keep the slide show short, simple, and sweet. Concentrate on the message of the presentation rather than on the glitz available in PowerPoint.
- Create a title slide and a THE END slide in your presentation. Also, create a CREDITS slide if you use information or graphics other than clip art provided with PowerPoint. Using information or graphics without citing your source is considered plagiarism.
- Don't use multiple backgrounds. A professional slide show will be consistent.
- Don't use excessive graphics and text effects. A professional slide show will be subtle and will not detract from the message.
- Use sound and moving graphics only if the message of the presentation will be enhanced by it.
- NOTE that PowerPoint slide shows can be very big in file size. Be sure to compress graphics before saving your final slide show!
7. Notes Pages
In an online classroom, we cannot give our presentation in person. As such, there is often additional information that should not be placed on a slide but should be disseminated to your audience. This additional information is the message you would give orally if you were to present your slide show in person. PowerPoint has a feature where you can place these extra notes--called Notes Pages or Speaker's Notes (depending upon the version of PowerPoint you are using). In order to receive full credit for your PowerPoint presentation, I will expect to see most Notes Pages with additional information on them.
To enter notes on a slide, type text in the pane below the slide. Graphics and other objects can also be placed on the Note Pages. To place graphics on the Notes Pages, you must be in Notes View (in the View menu, select Notes Pages).
To print the notes pages, bring up the printing dialog window. Near the bottom of the window where it says, "Print What," select "Notes Pages."
When selecting an object (a text placeholder or a graphical object), use the right mouse button to click on it (with Macintosh, use CTRL + click). Not only will you select the object but you will be shown an editing menu particular to that object.
Remember that each slide in a PowerPoint presentation takes about 1-2 minutes to discuss. As such, keep the number of slides in your presentation to a minimum. If you have a 15-minute presentation, prepare no more than 10-12 slides. Remember, your oral presentation will take time and you will want to reserve time for your audience to ask questions. If your presentation is so formal that your audience doesn't feel comfortable to ask questions, the presentation will not fulfill its intended mission. In addition, it is better to have your presentation take five minutes less than the allotted time rather than to go one minute over.
If you want to reduce the size of the slide show file (because your computer's memory is limited or for saving to a flash drive or for transferring via e-mail or the Internet), you can do four things:
NOTE that PowerPoint slide shows can be very big in file size. Be sure to compress graphics before saving your final slide show! Here is how to compress graphics:
You may need to use the same sub-menu several times. If the sub-menu has a shaded bar at the top, you can "tear it off" and place it on the screen (see red arrow on graphic to the right). Just drag the sub-menu with the mouse by that shaded bar.
If you are creating a final slide where each object will be added on progressive slides, you can use a "backwards" trick to create your seamless screen build. Create the final slide first. Then duplicate that slide (CTRL + D) as many times as necessary to build the sequence. Then working backwards, remove the objects on the slides. This will ensure that each object is in exactly the right place on each slide, and this eliminates those unsightly shifts when moving between slides.
It is possible to import a single slide or a group of slides from another presentation into your new presentation. If you have spent time creating the perfect slide with a quote, special graphic, or intricate chart on a slide, you can insert that slide into your new presentation (use the Insert > Slides from Files). In fact, you can insert slides from multiple presentations into your new presentation. Only the objects from the imported slides are inserted; the background and master slide are unaffected.
With PowerPoint, you can quickly add a Summary Slide to your presentation. This Summary Slide can be placed at the first of your presentation as an introduction, or it can be moved to the end of your presentation as a conclusion or review slide. The summary slide is created from the titles of the other slides:
To insert your slide show into a Word document, open both files (the slide show presentation in PowerPoint and the desired document in Word):
You'll only see the first slide in your Word document, but you can double click on that first slide to run the slide show.
15. Selecting Objects
You select an object by clicking on it. You may want to right-click on the object to view the context-sensitive editing menu. If the slide has overlapping objects so it is difficult to select them, select any object then use the TAB key to cycle through the various objects until the desired object is selected. You can hold down the SHIFT key and use the TAB key to cycle backwards through the various objects.
Another way to select objects is to use the Custom Animation choice in the Slide Show menu. Click the Timing tab to see a list of all objects on the slide. Select the desired object then cancel (ESC) out of the custom animation window.
CTRL + G will display the Grid and Guides dialog window where you can turn on one vertical and one horizontal guideline which can be dragged into position and used as an alignment aid. Press CTRL + G again to turn off the guidelines. Hold down the CTRL key while dragging a guideline to create additional guidelines.
CTRL + G will display the Grid and Guides dialog window where you can turn on the grid, which can be used as an alignment aid. Press CTRL + G again to turn off the grid.
18. Aligning Objects
The most useful PowerPoint tool for arranging objects on a page is Align & Distribute under the Draw menu. This tool enables you to accurately align objects with each other and to distribute objects evenly both vertically & horizontally on a page.
You can also manually move objects: Select the graphic then simply press the UP, DOWN, LEFT, or RIGHT arrow keys to move the graphic in the desired direction.
Or to move objects in even smaller increments: Select the graphic, hold down the CTRL key, then simply press the UP, DOWN, LEFT, or RIGHT arrow keys to move the graphic in the desired direction.
19. Using the Pasteboard
When working with graphics (resizing, coloring, etc.), slide the graphic to the gray pasteboard area beside your slide. Here you can work on the graphic without accidentally changing other objects (like text boxes) on your slide. Once you have completed work on your graphic, drag it back to its place on the slide.
20. Embossing Images
Want to emboss a Clip Art graphic? It is fairly easy:
- Insert the Clip Art image (and be sure it is still selected).
- Ungroup the image (in the Draw menu of the Drawing Toolbar).
- Quickly re-group the image.
- Select the shadow settings on the Drawing Toolbar and choose style 17
- From the Format menu, select Object.
- Click the Colors and Lines Tab.
- Choose the same color for a FILL as you used in the background of your slide then click OK.
- If the embossed effect is not distinct enough, go into the Shadow button (on the Drawing Toolbar) and choose the Shadow Settings where you will use the arrows to move the shadow a bit.
21. Creating Soft Shadows
You can create "soft" shadows for square or rounded objects:
- Make a copy of the object.
- In the object properties, change the copy's fill to be shaded from black to the background color, with the shading set with black going from the center out to the background color at the edges.
- Make the shaded object about 150% bigger than the original object
- Position the shaded object behind the original object.
22. Photo Vignettes
- Insert any AutoShape from the Drawing Toolbar.
- Select the AutoShape.
- On the Drawing Toolbar choose the down arrow next to the Fill button.
- Select Fill Effects.
- Click the Picture Tab.
- Add the desired photo
23. Text Shadows
If you place a shadow behind your text, the text will stand out and will be easier for your audience to read. Do not add a shadow to serif fonts--use only sans serif fonts such as Arial. To add a shadow, select the text and use the shadow button on the Drawing Toolbar.
24. Multiple Backgrounds
Normally, you should use the same background master throughout your presentation. At rare times, however, you may have two or more distinct sections of your presentation. In those cases, you may want to have two or more backgrounds in your slide show. PowerPoint XP (2002) and higher supports multiple backgrounds, but you can simulate different backgrounds in earlier versions of PowerPoint. In the Format menu, select Background. Change the background for your different section, then check the box for "Omit background graphics from master."
25. Picture Bullets
You can use pictures instead of simple black circles and squares for bullets in PowerPoint :
- Select the text placeholder where you want to use picture bullets.
- From the Format menu, choose Bullets and Numbering.
- In the dialog box, click the Picture button.
- When you see the Picture Bullet dialog box, choose a bullet you like and click the Insert Clip button.
1. Printing Handouts
If you click the print button on the Standard Toolbar or use the default settings in the Print dialog box, you will print your slide show presentation with one slide per sheet of paper. This is seldom a useful way to print your presentation, unless you are printing on overhead transparencies. In most cases, you will want to print several slides per sheet of paper, with or without lines on which to take notes. This way of printing your presentation is often used to create handouts for the audience. Refer to the number 1 in the screen shot to the right. Change from "Slides" to "Handouts" then select the number of slides you want to appear per page (if you select three slides per page, you will also get lines on which to take notes).
2. Print in Reverse Order
If you indeed want to print a slide per sheet of paper, you will want to have the slides printed in reverse order so they do not have to be collated before using or binding. To do this, click on the option (radio) button for Slides and enter the numbers 99-1. Refer to the number 2 in the screen shot to the right.
3. Hidden Features While your Show is Running
During your slide show, you can control the presentation by more than simply going to the next slide or returning to the previous slide. When your presentation is running, press the F1 function key to see a list of the hidden features that are available to you while your show is running.
4. Avoiding Interruptions
When you are in the middle of the slide show, you don't want your computer to interrupt the presentation:
Disable screensavers. (Right click on the desktop, choose Properties, click the Screensaver tab, choose ‘NONE’). PowerPoint is supposed to disable any screensavers automatically, but it is wise to be safe and do it yourself.
If you are using your laptop computer, disable any power saving features.
Hide the arrow pointer (cursor) during your presentation. Right click on the screen, choose Pointer Options, then click on Hide Now or Hide Always. Hide Now turns off the pointer until you move the mouse. Hide Always turns off the pointer for the rest of the slide show.
Copyright (c) 2006, Jolene M. Morris, All Rights Reserved